Crane Safety: Inspection Requirements You Should Know
If you’re using a crane in your operations, you’re likely aware of the risks that come with faulty equipment. Cranes can tip over, loads can fall onto unsuspecting personnel in the vicinity, there are more electrical hazards than anyone can count, and other similar risks. Crane inspections are crucial to avoid possibly fatal accidents, financial risk, and liability. With regular inspections and some care, you can make the most of your equipment without putting anyone in harm’s way.
If you’re concerned about how to inspect the cranes on your job site, here is a detailed list of inspection requirements that you should know:
Frequency of Inspections
Whether you get a new crane installed or an old one altered or repaired, you must inspect it before putting it to work. You should check different components in your crane daily, monthly, and annually to stay on top of possible malfunctions. We’ll categorize crane parts according to the frequency with which they must be inspected:
You should inspect the following components daily before starting work:
Functional Operating Mechanisms— This includes the hoist, trolley, and electrification systems. You should check for cracks, damage, and whether any of these pieces are loose.
Hydraulic Systems— This includes lines, valves, tanks, and drain pumps for any defects.
Crane Hooks— These should be checked for cracks or deformation.
This includes monthly and annual inspections; these are:
Ropes and End Connections— You must check them for wear and damage.
Hoist Chains— You must check them for any distortion, wear, and damage.
Written Records— These records must be updated routinely.
While it’s important to check your equipment for damages, it’s also important to maintain proper maintenance routines along with your inspections. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration has specified an extensive list of routine maintenance procedures, depending on the component you’re working on.
This includes maintenance routines for:
The hoist, trolley, and bridge brakes
As a general rule of thumb, OSHA suggests that all the routine procedures, as specified by the manufacturer, ought to be followed. Additionally, only qualified personnel must conduct these inspections to minimize the risk of error in inspection and maintenance routines.
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